These are Assortment Dua’s for various ailments in life. They are in Arabic with Urdu Translations.
These are Assortment Dua’s for various ailments in life. They are in Arabic with Urdu Translations.
The Belief in the Oneness of Allah (SWT) is central to Islam, & all other beliefs revolve around it [it]. However, it is not simply a matter of belief, but of firm conviction. Even though Allah (SWT) is hidden & invisible to the naked eye, He is clearly visible to positive reasoning and common sense. Wherever we look and explore, we find a unified system and an immaculate work of definite calculations and precise movements. Allah’s art of creation cannot be the work of more than one Lord, more than one Supreme Being. He has to be one; otherwise, there would bound to be a clash in the universal systems. There could not be natural symmetry, balance, and the existing fundamental similarities among creatures if there were more than one creator. Even human nature could have been divided and be concretely different in its most fundamental aspects, but since this is not the case, it shows that the Creator is one. If there were more than one god, various creatures, systems of life, and the very nature of humans would not only be very different, it would be impossible to coexist fro even a moment.
The more they try to disapprove His existence, the more they end up confirming it.
That is why all religions throughout human history, in one form or another, teach of one Supreme Being, one great God, even when some of them believe in lesser gods, and goddesses. Experience shows that even people who claim to believe in no god, deep down in their hearts, believe that this phenomenal universe must be the work of a Supreme Being.
Every field of science seems to accept that this universe and everything in it are a creation of some supreme and powerful being, and the results of their research point in this same direction, i.e., there is supreme being. Some, intentionally or unintentionally, in their attempt to disprove the existence of a supreme being, ironically end up proving its existence or at least fail to deny its existence concretely. The more they try to disprove His existence, the more they end up confirming it.
Humans are naturally connected to the Creator. Hence, no matter how much they have forgotten Him, they still call on him, especially when in need of help and when no else can help. They submit to Him whenever their power and intelligence fail and return to Him when there is no other place to go and no one else for whom to look or to whom to turn. This and many other experiences of daily life truly indicate that a mighty Lord exists and that He is one and cannot be more than one. Every divine revelation professes this unity, as do all of our natural faculties.
It is not just a matter of belief; it is a matter of fact that when we willfully and verbally declare the ‘Oneness of Allah’ (SWT) and recognise/ certify it by heart, we declare the truth and prepare to enter into Islam and return “home.” In Islam, tawhid (The Oneness of Allah SWT) is the centre of the Islamic belief system. The opposite of tawhid is Shirk. Shirk is not a forgivable sin,but it is forgiven only if Allah’s Oneness is embraced, along with the rest of Islam in its entirety. The heavenly guidance from Allah (SWT) that no one should commit shirk is clear, complete, and convincing, Thus, according to Islam, there is no other place for a mushrik (One who commits shirk), but eternal Hell.
The concept of tawhid is that Allah (SWT) is one and has no partners. Shirk is to associate an idol or human with Allah’s being and to relate someone or something with Allah as His partner, parent, son or daughter, to consider someone equal in power and in attributes or to believe someone has the personal power or ability to interfere or intercede in Allah’s will or in His work.
The main purpose of every prophet from Adam (A.S) to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them), the Final Prophet, including but not limited to Nuh (Noah) (A.S), Ibrahim (Abraham) (A.S), Dawud (David) (A.S), Saleh (A.S), Musa (Moses) (A.S), and Isa (Jesus) (A.S), was to prevent their people from committing shirk (polytheism). They called upon their people to declare the tawhid (Oneness of Allah -SWT), to condemn shirk and to abandon the worship of anything else beside Allah (SWT). In light of the prophets’ sacrifices, hard work, proselytizing under adverse conditions, and teaching people about Allah (SWT) and His Oneness, every punishment from the Lord is justified for those who continued to commit shirk. Even today this is a matter for real concern and man must refrain from shirk, if he does not want to become the ultimate loser.
The clear, divine revelations about the Oneness of the Lord and those revelations denying the existence of any other god clearly conclude that none is worthy of worship besides Allah (S.W.T), the Omniscient and Omnipotent Lord. To worship anyone besides Allah (SWT) is another form of shirk. Muslims do not worship any prophet or associate prophets in Allah’s worship in any way, Although the prophets are all chosen men, some are closer to Allah (S.W.T) than others, and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them) is the most beloved.
Prophets, angels, saints, and others are to be loved, honored, respected, and remembered, but not worshiped. Worship is due exclusively for Allah (SWT) .
Islam, as taught by the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them), sums up the description of the Almighty. Allah (SWT) is the Lord, the Creator, the Omnipotent, the Omniscient, the Omnipresent, the Sustainer, and providence is only from Him. Only Allah (SWT) is Eternal. He gives life and takes it away, forgives sins and punishes wrongdoers; He is All-Knowing, and nothing is hidden from Him. Therefore, Allah (S.W.T) is the only one worthy of worship.
This post is in series of many to come on the topic of Islam from a Sufi Perspective. More articles are to follow. Please follow in the Category : Islam as a Sufi Perspective.
Who is Allah?
S.W.T ( refer to: Subhanahu wa ta’ala, Arabic for “May He be glorified and exalted”).
‘Allah’ (Swt) is the proper and personal name of the Almighty, the Lord and Creator, Who created the universe and everything in it, including us human beings. The Lord, the Almighty, was not named ‘Allah’ (Swt) by any human being or by any Muslim. He introduced Himself to us by this name, ‘Allah’ (Swt). The first verse of the holy Qur’an and the first Cardinal Article of faith testify to this.
Bismillah Hir-rahma Nir-rahim
In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful.
Note: Muslims recite this whenever they begin to do anything and everything. They invoke the name ‘Allah’ (Swt) to include His blessing, mercy, and assistance with what they undertake, whether it is major or minor, thereby, avoiding the interference of Satan and his evil doings. This bears witness that ‘Allah’ (Swt) is His proper name.
Al- Hamdu- Lillahi Rabbil-Alamin
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
Note: This is the first verse of the first surah (Chapter) namely Surah-e-Fathia ( The opening Chapter), with which the holy Qur’an begins. Here, the Almighty introduces Himself to us as ‘Allah’ (Swt).
La ilaha illallahu, Muhammadur Rasulullah
“[There is] no deity but ALLAH, Muhammad is the prophet of Allah”
Note: To remain faithful (Muslims) or to enter into Islam, one must verbally declare this Kalimah (Decalration) of faith, certify it by heart, and have unshakeable belief in its truthfulness.
Countless other verses Show that ‘Allah’ (Swt) is His proper name as He Himself revealed it to us. ‘Allah’ (Swt) also revealed that He has many attributes or qualities, which are known as the 99 Beautiful Names of ‘Allah’ (Swt). We should call Him either by His proper name ‘Allah’ (Swt) or by any of His attributive names. Since ‘Allah’ (Swt) is the name of his personal being and comprises all the meaning of this attributes, it is preferable to call Him ‘Allah’ (Swt). Simply uttering ‘Allah’ (Swt) brings many blessings and bring you closer to Him.
‘Allah’ (Swt) revealed to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them), ” I was a hidden treasure and willed to be manifest, so I created what I created” [Shamaa’il Tirmidhi]. He alone created everything and everyone. To begin the process of creation ‘Allah’ (Swt) first created the nur ( Light) of Muhammad from within his nur (Al Mawahibu’l-Ladunniyah]. ‘Allah’ (Swt) created angles from the nur as well. The Jinns were created from fire, and Shaytan (Satan) belongs to this category. ‘Allah’ (Swt) created man from earthly soil, and science confirms that the elements found in the human body are also found in in earth.
Unlike the birth of other humans,the creation of Adam, Hawwa and of Isa (Jesus)(A.S), as explained before, are all signs of ‘Allah’s (Swt) power of creation. ‘Allah’ (Swt) blessed Maryam (Mary) (A.S) and miraculously bestowed on her a son, Prophet Isa (Jesus)(A.S) without a father. This miraculous birth does not make Isa (A.S) His Son, nor does it make ‘Allah’ (Swt) his father. ‘Allah’ (Swt) is Wahid (Single and alone), and everything else is His creation that serves Him, surrenders to Him, and worships Him.
Allah (Swt) is free from parents and did not choose to have children. He has no partner who shares His being or His power. ‘Allah’ (Swt) is alone; He is One. Never did He beget, nor was He begotten. None is like Him, and He is not like anyone or anything. No one is equal to Him. No one interferes with Him or with His works. He does whatever He wills. His plans and words are unchangeable. No one questions Him, and He is not answerable to anyone. ‘Allah’ (Swt) gives life and causes death at its fixed moment. ‘Allah’ (Swt) causes clouds to release water, wherever and whenever He wills. ‘Allah’ (Swt) merges the day into night and from the night brings out day. He set in motion celestial bodies that constantly travel on their fixed path for a fixed period.
He is the All-Knower, Not a single leaf falls on the ground that escapes His knowledge. He knows the needs of His creatures very well. He provides for all and nourishes all, and no being is left out from His provisions, no matter where they are, whether that is beneath the earth, deep in the seas, high above the skies, or in places we cannot even imagine. Besides humans and Jinns, none of His creations have free will. They all submit to Him; they all worship Him (In their own ways ) and are busy in His remembrance.
Only humans and jinns are given the unique ‘power of choice’ to choose between the righteous path and the deviant one. ‘Allah’ (Swt) is merciful and does not take vengeance for His personal sake, but only to make right or for the sake of justice. ‘Allah’ (Swt) does not destroy any nation until He brings upon them His divine message and warnings and gives them ample time to follow and submit. No creature is able to see Him’ yet, He sees all. Humans are not given the power to see Him or the intelligence to conceive of Him, except through his divine message and guidance. What has been said above it but a summary of His introduction of Himself. To develop a better understanding, I quote the following from the holy Qur’an regarding ‘Allah’ (Swt) being.
Say you (O my Prophet!), “He is Allah, the One,” Allah , the Independent (but) on Whom all depend. He did not beget, nor was He begotten- NOR IS THERE ANYONE EQUAL TO him.” [QUR’AN 112:1-4]
The following is a tafsir (Explanation) of a very famous verse, called Aayat-ul-Kursi (aayat-verse, kursi-throne). The Words in parentheses and boldface are translations of the Qur’anic Arabic embedded within this unique explanation.
AAYAT-UL-KURSI [Qur’an 2:255]
(Allah) Almighty is Self-Existing, Self-sustaining. He has existed for eternity, is the embodiment of all and every outstanding quality, is free of all blemishes, alone is worthy of worship and (none) is ( worthy of worship except Him) who has always remained (alive by Himself), is not in need of or reliant on anyone and will remain alive and in existence forever.
He will never experience death and is Self-Sufficient and is (for everyone),for the entire universe (the Sustainer) and He alone is responsible for the universes’ affairs. . And (He does not feel drowsy) which is the precursor to sleep because He never experiences tiredness or drowsiness, and therefore is also free from in-activeness which is result of being tired or drowsy.
(And) similarly (nor) does He (sleep) because while asleep the nerves of the mind are relaxed after which knowledge and comprehension are rendered ineffective and become suspended, and the alertness and intelligence of sense become diminished. And it is clear that for Allah Almighty these characteristics are impossible because He is the Inventor of this great universe and is responsible for maintaining its affairs at every moment and every second, as there are changes happening at all times, that are occurring under His attention and with His knowledge. He is aware at all times of all things in their condition and is neither unaware nor asleep.
(It is His and belongs to Him all that which is in the skies and on the Earth); all the creation in the skies and on Earth are His subjects and His property, and everything is submissive to His power and wish. (And who is it that intercedes) for anyone (in His court except by His order). Allah Almighty’s greatness, high rank, and majestic attributes mean that without His permission no one can intercede in His presence.
Allah Almighty (is aware) of ( everything that is in) the past of those who live in the skies and on Earth and that which (has gone before), that is, all that which has occurred in the world’s affairs, (and ) knows (everything that is to come) in the future. Therefore, Allah Almighty is aware of both their past and future, (and ) those of this universe (cannot encircle) or enclose (any-thing) that is (in His knowledge) and which He is aware of (except by His own will). In summary, leave alone the knowledge of the entire universe, a tiny iota of Allah Almighty’s vast knowledge is too difficult for a human to comprehend. Creatures only have the knowledge that is given to them by Him.
(Permission has been given by His throne), that is, His knowledge…or His greatness. or His power and ownership..or by His magnificent, powerful, everlasting, and immense creations that are below His kingdom but above the skies and his known as His throne; or whose reality no one except Allah Almighty is aware of, whether in (the skies on on Earth). In other words, His knowledge, His magnificence, power, and wisdom or His beautiful, gracious, and magnificent creations who have encircled the skies and the Earth and whose compound has within it the skies and Earth, and which (He finds no difficulty keeping watch on both). Watching over the well-being of the Earth and skies does tire Allah Almighty, but in fact this caring is simple and very easy for Him. He is the Sustainer and Caretaker of all things, He does what He wills, His intention is firm, and that which He intends, He definitely makes it happen.
And why should not this be so because He is dominant and overpowering over all things, and (He is) above all matters (mighty and superior), magnificent, and exalted in His recognition, and this one revealed verse known and recognized as Aayat-ul-Kursi is more elevated and greater that any other verse of the Qur’an.
In the following verse, Allah (Swt) describes Himself through a metaphor of blessed light.
Allah is the light of the heavens and the Earth. The likeness of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp; that lamp is in (a chandelier of) glass; the chandelier is as a star glittering like a pearl, lit from a blessed olive tree, neither eastern nor western, whose oil is most luminous, even though no fire touches it. (This) is all light upon light! Allah guides unto his light whom he wills…[Qur’an 24:35]
He is Allah, besides Whom there is none to be worshiped, knower of everything hidden and open. It is He the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful. He is Allah besides Whom there is none to be worshiped, the Sovereign of all, the Most Holy, the Bestower of Peace, the Giver of security, the guardian over all, the Esteemed Once, the Mender of broken hearts, the Exalted in might. Glory be to Allah, He is far above what they associate with Him. He is Allah, the Creator of all, the Maker of all, the Fashioner of all. His are the most Beautiful Names. Whatever is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Him, and it is He , the All Powerful, the All-Wise. [Qur’an 59:22-24]
This post is in series of many to come on the topic of Islam from a Sufi Perspective. More articles are to follow. Please follow in the Category : Islam as a Sufi Perspective.
Some Important facts about the history of Islam from the time of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them) are mentioned below to increase the reader’s knowledge.
Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them) were born 571 C.E. in Makkah, Arabia. His father’s name was Abdullah, and his mother was Amina.
His father passed away before his birth, and his mother passed away when he was six years old. His grandfather then became his caretaker. Upon his Grandfather’s death, when he was about eight years old, his uncle Abu Talib lovingly cared for him for a long time. His genealogy is traced back to Prophet Ismail (A.S), the first son of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) (A.S) There are no other prophets amongst the descendants of Ismail (A.S) except Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them), while many great and distinguished prophets descended from Prophet Is-haq (Isaac) (A.S) the second son of Ibrahim (A.S).
Prophet Muhammad’s uncle, Abu Talib, witnessing special qualities and characteristics in him, took extra care in his upbringing. He never left him home alone, even when going away on business trips. His uncle never forced him to worship idols, even though the majority of Arabs were idolaters. Just within the confines of the Ka’ba in Makkah, three hundred and sixty different idols were stored and worshiped. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them) never went near idols to worship them, even in his childhood. He truly hated idol-worship.
Having acquired experience in trade in the company of his uncle and after a few business trips abroad, Muhammad (Peace be upon them) earned respect for his unparalleled honesty and integrity, as well as for his extra ordinary demeanor, Makkans, witnessing his high moral character, awarded him the title of ‘Sadiq’ (Truthful) and ‘Ameen’ (Trustworthy).
On one occasion, he took abroad a merchant caravan of a wealthy Makkan lady, Khadija (R.A) and earned extraordinary profits for her goods. Upon hearing of his honesty, ethics, and the entire account of his trip from her slave who accompanied Prophet Muhammad ( Peace be upon them) she sent him a marriage proposal.
Through arrangements made by his uncle, Abu Talib he was married at the age of twenty- five to the Honorable Khadija (R.A) who was forty years old and a widow. Contrary to the belief of many, he did not marry her for any selfish reasons or utilize her wealth to achieve his goals. Moreover, her wealth was not a factor in declaring his prophet-hood, which came fifteen years later, when he was forty years old. Nevertheless, it did allow him much free time to meditate and remain secluded in a cave on a nearby mountaintop. His wife was always supportive of him and stood by him all the time. When Muhammad (Peace be upon him) declared his prophet hood, she, with full confidence,became the first person and woman to recognize him as the prophet of Allah, and she wholeheartedly embraced Islam.
While he was meditating in the cave known as Hira, Allah revealed the first few verses of the holy Qur’an through the Archangel Jibra’il (A.S). In those verses, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them) was commanded to:
Recite! In the name of your Lord, Who created all. * Created man from the clot of congealed blood. * Recite! And your Lord is the Most Bountiful. * Who taught writing by the pen. *Taught man what he knew not…*[Qur’an 96:1-5]
Later Allah Commanded Muhammad (Peace be upon them) to begin calling people to Islam, and Allah promised to protect him and to make him succeed in his mission. Although he faced resistance from the same people who called him Sadiq and Ameen, he continued to convey the message as revealed to him by Allah with confidence, dedication,and commitment. Muhammad (Peace be upon him) called upon his people to recognise the Oneness of Allah and to give up the centuries old worship of Idols.
To the tribe of Quraysh, idol worship was not only ritual, but it was also a profitable business opportunity, as they earned much income from pilgrims coming to Makkah to worship idols and to buy and sell goods. Thus, the need to resist the Prophet and his teachings was obvious.
Initially, only a handful of people joined him, but with steadfastness and determination he continued to preach even under the harshest conditions. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them), his extended family (Some of whom had not yet embraced Islam), and the new Muslims were subject to economic and social boycott and were forced to leave their homes for nearby valley, Shaib abi-Talib. They lived there for three years under severe circumstances; however, this did not weaken their resolve. The economic and trade sanctions against them were lifted when termites chewed up the document of sanctions drawn up by the Quraysh. This event brought shame to the Quraysh, for misbehaving with their own community members.
Meanwhile, the Muslim community slowly increased and strengthened even as the resistance and savagery of the non-believers became widespread. Those believers who could not persist were ordered by the Prophet , to migrate to Abyssinia (Contemporary Ethiopia). Muslims met with favourable conditions there and earned the favour and compassion of the Christian King Al Najashi, who on learning abut Islam and its Prophet, recognized the divinity of Islam, as Allah had revealed it previously to Prophet Isa (Jeasus) (A.S).
The Muslims who remained in Makkah Continued to suffer pain and hardship at the hands of the disbelievers. Soon after, a year of grief came upon the Prophet (Peace be upon them), as two of his great supporters and family members, his wife Khadija (R.A) and his uncle Abu Talib passed away, making his task harder. Now, his life was in greater danger from the Makkan chiefs, because they had feared and respected Abu Talib. Upon his death, all the Makkan chiefs united to prevent the Prophet (Peace be upon him) from continuing with his mission, even if they had to take his life.
It was within this period of grief and hardship that the Prophet was summoned to meet Allah in the heavens. This Journey, known as Isra wal Mi’raj took place within a very short period of the night. In the company of the Angel Jira’il (A.S), he first visited Masjid-e-Aqsa in Baitul Muqaddas (Jerusalem) and then ascended to the Heavens. Among other things, the purpose of this miraculous journey were to bring him relief, uplift his morale, strengthen his resolve,show him the heavens, and make him an eyewitness to Allah’s signs and majesty, and give him the honor of meeting Allah in person, which was not given to any other prophet. There, he was assured of his prophetic success and was given the gift of Salah ( The five daily prayers of worship), which every adult Muslim is obliged to practice.
Resisting the abuse and persecution of the Quraysh had now become unbearable, and thus the Prophet permitted more of his followers to migrate to Madinah, a city some four hundred Kilometers northeast of Makkah, where he would join them in the near future when commanded my Allah (S.W.T). Muslims making their way safely out of Makkah angered the disbelievers who then increased their persecution. The Makkan chiefs unanimously decided to attack the Prophet (Peace be upon them) in his sleep, but Allah (S.W.T) informed the Prophet (Peace be upon them) and granted him permission to migrate. The Prophet (Peace be upon them) left for Madinah, leaving his cousin, Ali (Karam Allah Wajhu), who would later become his Son-in-Law, in charge of his affairs and directed him to sleep in his place that night and then to join him in Madinah at a later time.
He travelled with the Honorable Abu-Bakr Siddiq (R.A), his closest companion and the first adult male to embrace Islam. The Makkans followed after them but could not reach them. After travelling for about five hundred Kilometres in the excruciating desert heat for fifteen days, they safely arrived in Madinah,where many anxiously awaited him. Out of their respect and honor for him,he was greeted with a grand celebration. This Hijra (Migration of the Prophet) marked the beginning of the Islamic Lunar calendar and the second phase of Islam.
In Madinah, the Prophet Established a common brotherhood among the believers: Between the Ansar, the Muslim residents of Madinah, and the Muhajireen, the migrant Muslims. He drew up treaties with local tribes and with the followers of the Jewish faith to coexist in peace and harmony, with toleration and understanding. With a sigh of relief, he established the Muslim community on the solid foundations of Islam, according to the continuous revelations from Allah (S.W.T). The Muslim community grew and prospred due to the hard labour of the migrants and with the unprecedented cooperation and show of selflessness of their Ansar brethren. The holy Prophet Established a masjid in Madinah to be the centre for this newly formed nation of believers.
On the other hand, the Makkans were in despair at having failed to destroy a handful of poor and disadvantaged people, but, unbeknownst to them, Muslims were truly blessed by the Almighty, Who allowed them to succeed, become strong, sustain themselves, and disseminate Islam throughout Arabia. The Makkans ran amok and looted the belongings and properties the emigrants left behind. They conspired with the local tribes of Madinah to weaken the Muslims. They Sought alliances to wage war against Islam and Muslims. Although the Muslims had left the city of Makkah, the Makkans never let the Muslims live in peace in Madinah, and they never left the Muslims alone to practice their religion.
After almost fifteen years of suffering persecution at the hands of the Quraysh, Allah (S.W.T) finally granted Muslims permission to defend themselves and fight back against the enemies. Many small and full scale battles were fought where Muslims, though outnumbered,were overall victorious. At this point, both parties were ready to sign a peace treaty and agreed to ten years of peace. This period of peace gave Muslims a chance to focus on other matters, such as strengthening themselves to deal with other tribes and powers in Arabia and to take Islam beyond the Arabian borders.
The relative peace allowed Muhammed (Pece be upon them) to send letters via emissaries inviting the Roman, Persian, and other emperors to adopt Islam . He was also able to deal extensively with the hidden mischief of the hypocrites living among the Muslims. As Islam continued to grow and gain strength,every existing empire became aware of it. Moreover, the revelations of the holy Qur’an accelerated. Uniform codes of conduct, family life, personal and public affairs, economy and social welfare, civil and criminal justice, and conducting war and establishing peace were revealed to Muslims. Simultaneously, the Prophet (Peace be upon them) appropriately implemented divine laws among the Muslim community of Madinah and throughout the nearby lands.
When the Makkans and their allies breached the Treaty of Hudaibiya ,the Muslims prepared to march towards Makkah. They then conquered Makkah without spilling a drop of blood. Muhammad (Peace be upon them) become a conqueror, but being a prophet of mercy, he forgave all Makkans, even his staunchest enemies. He issued a general amnesty and pardoned everyone whether they embraced Islam or not. Allah (S.W.T) promise to His Prophet (Peace be upon them) and the Muslims came true. They entered Makkah as victors, when just ten years before they had been forced to leave their homes, belongings, and everything they had in order to find refuge so they could uphold their beliefs and for the love of their Prophet (Peace be upon them).
Muhammad (Peace be upon them) showed unequivocal generosity that has yet to be duplicated. As a result, tens of thousands embraced Islam without any swords raised, without fear of death, without any killings, and without any compulsion. Those who were willing to give up anything to destroy Islam now became its defenders and joined other Muslims in spreading the message of Islam form Makkah and Madinah to every corner of the world.
The prophet returned to Madina to remain there for the rest of his life among those who once did him great favours, the Ansar. Soon thereafter, the holy Qur’an was completed when at the Last Sermon, on the occasion of Hajj, Allah (S.W.T) revealed to Muhammad (Peace be upon them) that,
…. this day, I have perfected for you, your religion and have completed My favor to you and I have approved Islam as the religion for you…[Qur’an 5:3]
The prophet passed away at the age of 63, leaving the responsibility of taking Islam to every corner of the world to his Companions and to subsequent generations of Muslims. Abu-Bakr Siddiq (R.A) became the first Khalifa (Caliph) of the Muslim ummah (Community). The Holy Qur’an and the holy Sunnah (the way of the Prophet peace be upon them) became the beacon of light for the Muslim ummah.
Centuries later, Islam still shines brightly, spreading its rays of guidance to enlighten those who come in its way.
This post is in series of many to come on the topic of Islam from a Sufi Perspective. More articles are to follow. Please follow in the Category : Islam as a Sufi Perspective.
Surely! Ibrahim (Abraham) was a model of perfection, obedient to Allah and devoted exclusively to the truth. And he was not at all of the polytheists. [Qur’an 16:120]
And as to Lut (Lot), We gave him authority and knowledge, and We delivered him from the town whose people committed foul deeds. And surely they were a people most wicked and disobedient. [Qur’an 21:74]
The people of Lut (Lot), denied the prophets. [Qur’an 26:160]
…. We made subservient to Dawud (David) the mountains and the birds, so they all celebrated Our praise with him…[Qur’an 21:79]
And so Sulayman (Solomon), We made subservient the violent wind – That it blew at his bidding to the land that We had blessed…Qur’an 21:81]
Then we kept sending our prophets, one after the other… [ Qur’an 23:44]
Then we sent Musa (Moses) and his brother Harun (Aaron), with Our signs and a clear authority to Pharaoh & his courtiers,but they also became proud and stiff necked, and surely they were a headstrong and insolent people. So they said, ” Shall we believe these two humans who are like us, while their people are our worshiping slaves.” So they denied both of them; they then were destroyed. And surely, We gave Musa (Moses) the Book that they might be guided aright. [Qur’an 23:45-49]
We made the son of Maryam and his mother ( Maryam) a sign (of Our might) and settled them both on an elevated ground fit for abode with meadows and running springs in sight. [Qur’an 23:50]
And how many towns have We destroyed when they boasted of their prosperity. So these are their houses that have not been inhabited, after them, but a little; and (in the end) We alone are inheritor. [Qur’an 28:59]
… So travel on the earth and see with your own eyes how exemplary was the end of those who denied the prophets. [Qur’an 16:36]
Thus all divine prophets, succeeding each other, delivered the guidance efficiently, but many prophets’ respective nations never fully submitted, and only some were somewhat successful. However, eventually, their nations went astray and their teachings were corrupted. Then came the time when the Final Prophet, the ‘Seal of the prophet-hood’, was born in Makkah’ Arabia, roughly six centuries after the holy Prophet Isa ( Jesus). Since no prophet was to come after Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them), Allah completed His guidance and made arrangements to safeguard it from human hands, as it had become mankind’s habit to distort heavenly guidance. At his point, I can say, with certitude, that Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them) is the perfection of all previous prophets, that the holy Qur’an is the perfection of all previous scriptures, and Islam is the perfection of all previous beliefs as preached by the authentic prophets of Allah.
The final guidance was conveyed to humanity through the Final Prophet, Muhammad (Peace be upon them) and complete success in its implementation was achieved during his lifetime. Tens of thousands of Arabs and non-Arabs embraced Islam and were ready to take it across the globe and safeguard it at every cost. Within a short period, the world was not only introduced to Islam, but much of it came under its influence. The guidance, religion, and complete way of life-beginning with the first human being, Adam (AS) and completed with the teachings of the final Prophet, Muhammad (Peace be upon them). This teaching has been embraced by billions of people. Currently, it is estimated that every fourth person in the world is a Muslim. Moreover, Islam is still the fastest growing religion. The history of Islam is lengthy, and only a compacted version is possible here.
All of the prophets from Adam (AS), the first man and the first human being to Nuh (AS) From Ibrahim (Abraham) (AS) to Is-haq (Isaac) (AS) to Yaqub (Jacob) (AS) to Yusuf (Joseph) (AS) from Musa (Moses) (AS) to Isa (Jesus) (A.S), from Ismail (Ishmael) to Muhammad (Peace be upon them), and those mentioned or not mentioned in the divinely revealed books: Taurat (Torah), Zaboor (Psalms), Injeel (Gospel), and the holy Qur’an, brought the same message, i.e., Islam.
He was decreed for you the religion which He had enjoined on Nuh, and which We have revealed to you, and which We enjoined on Ibrahim and Musa and Isa saying: “Establish this very religion and be not divided therein”… [Qur’an 42:13]
O (Our) Prophets! Eat of the pure things, and do good deeds. Verily, I am the Knower of what you do. And assuredly, this religion of yours is but one religion, and I am Lord and Cherisher of you all, so you should fear Me and Me alone.
….. Follow the faith of your father Ibrahim. He (Allah), it is Who has named you Muslim before, and in this Qur’an as well your name is the same… [Qur’an 22:78]
(Look!) Ibrahim was not a Jew or a Christian, but he was an upright Muslim aloof from all falsehood, nor was he of the poly-theists. Surely, the nearest of mankind to Ibrahim are those who followed him and his prophet and the believers. And Allah is the patron of the believers. [Qur’an 3:67-68]
Thy said: “What! When we are dead and become dust and bones, shall we then really be raised up again? [Qur’an 23:82]
According to the teachings of Islam, Judaism and Christianity in their original form were valid only for their time and until the divine way of life, i.e., Islam, was completed and perfected. The Central teaching of every prophet was about tawhid ( Oneness of Allah). All their other teachings, e.g., laws of life and belief in the Hereafter, surrounded this dundamental belief and were later either incorporated into, modified by, or repealed by Islam. [Qur’an 2:154] Since then, every previous sharia and revealed book has been rendered null and void. Salvation is now possible only through Islam. To this effect, Allah reveals in the holy Qur’an:
And whosoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it shall certainly not be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter, he shall be of the losers. [Qur’an 3:85]
If Islam were a different religion and/or if it were invented by Muhammad (Peace be upon them) in the sixth century C.E., it would have been unnecessary to recognize any prophet, let alone all of them, before Muhammad (Peace be upon them) and any other book before the holy Qur’an. In fact, Islam makes belief in previous prophets and their books one of its necessary tenets because they too were sent by Allah and were part of His guidance. Since they are a part of Islam, Muslims must recognize them and their authentic teachings.
… each one believes in all sincerity in Allah and His angels and His books and His prophets (and they proclaim), ” We discriminate not against any of His prophets”….[Qur’an 2:285]
The laws and commandments brought by the previous prophets were either erased from human history or were corrupted with human intervention. A new set of divine laws and ordinances was needed to replace those that had been tampered with. Therefore Allah finally and once and for all completed His guidance through the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them) and the holy Qur’an. Allah formally and officially approved Islam, and from now on salvation can only be achieved through Islam.
The ‘guidance’ and teachings had to be completed and perfected with Muhammad (Peace be upon them) because no other prophet was to come after him. The need for heavenly guidance was now fulfilled; Allah assured the safeguarding of the holy Qur’an from human hands. Now, even the last soul that will come into this world can be guided through it and can prepare for ultimate success.
The holy Qur’an is the final set of commandments from the Almighty and contains the complete way of life,From the day of its first revelation to the day it was completed, Allah has protected and preserved the holy Qur’an in its original form.
Not even a single vowel or letter has been omitted, added, or changed since its revelation some fifteen centuries ago. This is so and will continue to be until the end of time because the Lord has taken the responsibility of its preservation upon Himself. Allah reveals:
Verily, it is We Who have revealed this discourse (Qur’an), and verily We are its Guardian. [Qur’an15:9]
The ordeal that began after the Prophet Muhammad declared his prophet-hood in Makkah, Arabia, when the first verse of the holy Qur’an was revealed to him by Allah through the Archangel Jibra’il (Gabriel) and he was commanded to spread the message of Islam, is a subject that requires a book on the topic itself.
During the twenty-three years before the divine mission completed,how much sacrifice was exacted from Prophet Muhammad and his companions! How they were persecuted, exiled and boycotted. How much resistance, difficulty, and suffering they endured at the hands of the Quraysh, the Arab tribe living in Makkah. How many battles they had to fight to survive, incurring injury and death.
What price they paid to safeguard their newly acquire faith. How Muhammad (Peace be upon them) managed to deliver the guidance to his followers and to lead them in the right direction, keep them united and steadfast, and practically implement Allah’s guidance by forming treaties and alliances with other tribes, training his companions to take Islam across the globe, and successfully fulfilling all of his obligations. These are all aspects of Islamic history that require lengthy discussions, but as much as I want to discuss these topics, they are not the actual purpose of this blog.
The true followers of Islam, the companions of the Prophet and others thereafter, carried the message to every corner of the globe The message of Islam, coupled with the character of its followers, amazed everyone who witnessed it. They had never seen such a complete, simple, and encompassing belief system combined with the humbleness, sincerity, and truthfulness of its loyal followers. Many naturally naturally became attracted to Islam and embraced it. Within a short period, Islam grew rapidly throughout the world and brought people of diverse backgrounds under one umbrella.
It is quite astonishing to know that today, even when so many people are misinformed about Islam, either because of negative campaigning by some, the misbehavior of some Muslims, or other reasons, Islam remains the fastest growing religion in the world. I am hopeful that on finishing this book, the reader will satisfy his or her curiosity as to why Islam continues to grow with such speed.
The History of Islam is as old as the history of human kind. Since Islam claims to be the most appropriate form of guidance, the complete way of life, fit for human nature, and valid for all times, it must be as old as humankind. Many people believe that Islam came about in the sixth century C.E. If this were the case, then how can Islam claim to be the guidance for the first human to the last one? As I proceed further, this question will be answered.
According to a Hadith-e-Qudsi (Sacred hadith that have a particularly important status because the message is from Allah while the wording is that of the Prophet Muhammad –(Peace be upon them),
I was a hidden treasure, (I) willed to be known; therefore, I created everything.
Everything means the entire universe and everything in it, including human beings. Among all other creatures, Allah granted humans the status of ‘Being of All Creatures.’
The first human being the Lord Almighty created was Adam (A.S). Adam (A.S) and his progeny were to become His vicegerents on the Earth. Initially, Heaven became the abode for Adam (A.S) however, Adam soon began to feel lonely. Allah then created Hawwa commonly known as Eve, the first woman and the second human being. Amazingly, she was created from the left rib of Adam (A.S), Allah does whatever He wills because He is the All-Powerful, Allah created Adam (A.S) without parents; Hawwa was born without a female (Mother); Isa (A.S), Known as Jesus, was born without a male (Father). All of the above are clear signs of his [Allah]power.
Adam and Hawwa lived in Heaven, and Allah permitted them to eat from wherever they wished, except from the tree prohibited to them. Iblis/Shaytan (Satan) deceived them into eating from the prohibited tree. This did not amount to ‘original sin,’ a concept widely promoted in Western Christianity, but it was an innocent mistake Because of this mistake, they could no longer live in Heaven. Allah explains:
The Satan caused the two to slip and got them out of the place where they lived, and We said, “Get down,you will be enemies to one another, and now in the Earth shall be your dwelling and provision for an appointed term.” [Qur’an 2.36].
Upon their exit from Heaven, Allah further said:
…get down from here, all of you! Then, if there comes to you from Me ‘guidance,’ whosoever follows My guidance shall have nothing to fear, nor shall they grieve. and those who disbelieve and shall deny Our signs- they are to be the inmates of Hell and therein they shall abide forever.
Adam (A.S) & Hawwa, the first couple and parents to all the people to come, were lost on Earth and separated from each other for a very long time. They were truly ashamed of their mistake in Heaven, for not abiding by the commandment of the Lord.
Adam (A.S) felt Guilty and wept profusely, asking for forgiveness. Thereafter, Allah forgave him, and Adam and Hawwa found each other and continued to live together. Gradually, the population of the world increased, and guidance began to come, as Allah had stated on their departure from Heaven.
As the population grew widespread and men learned the ways to live life on Earth, laws were needed to establish societies and solve basic problems. An ideology was needed to satisfy humanity’s natural curiosities about their existence and to fulfill their natural desire to worship. To fulfill this need, the Almighty revealed His guidance periodically, according to the need of the times and the level of peoples’ understanding, through His chosen individuals, known as prophets. From the outset, that very guidance was Islam, and all of the prophets, including those people who chose to believe in them,were Muslims. With the teachings of the last Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them), the guidance was completed in perfected. Allah officially chose Islam as the deen and on its completion stated:
This day, I have perfected for you your religion and have completed My favor to you, and i have approved Islam as the religion for you. [Quran 5.3]
Some may ask, if these teachings were perfected in the form of Islam through Muhammad (Peace be upon them), what were the teachings of the previous prophets called? They were Islam, but in its incomplete form. Every prophet’s deen (Religion) was Islam; however, their sharia (The rules and commandments appropriate for their time, place, and need as revealed to them in their respective books) varied. [Qur’an 5:48] The major sharias came to be known as Judaism and Christianity. In Islam, the followers of those sharias are referred to as Ahle Kitab (People of the book).
Snce the Creator and the One Who completed His guidance is One and the same, how could His message vary among the prophets when they were all sent by him and towards the same creation? The basic beliefs – such as the belief in Allah His prophets, the unseen, refraining from shirk and idolatry, worshiping Allah life in the Hereafter, the Day Judgment, and belief in Heaven and Hell were all the same as they are in Islam today. Every Muslim must declare that,
… We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and that which was sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham) and Ismail and Ishaq (Isaac) and Yaqub (Jacob) and their offspring and what was given to Musa (Moses) and Isa (Jesus) and the other prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them,in the matter of faith and to Allah have we surrendered ourselves. [Qur’an 3:48]
Further more Allah reveals:
And whomsoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it shall certainly not be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter, he shall be of the losers. [Qur’an 3.85]
Allah continued to send prophets, one after another, to all nations, giving them a fair chance to accept and believe. Written and/or oral guidance was revealed to almost all of them: some followed the message of their prophets, and some ignored it;some even killed their prophets, while some followed for a short period and then forgot the true teachings; and some completely altered the guidance after their prophets passed away. All hopes of those who continuously disregarded the sacred guidance and transgressed, mocked, and disrespected the prophets were dismissed, whereupon Allah sent His wrath. The following verses of the Qur’an explain this further.
Surely, Allah chose Adam and Nuh ( Noah) and the progeny of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the progeny of Imran (Amrarn) above all people of the world…[Qur’an 3:33]
And indeed We raised in every community a prophet to instruct them…[Qur’an 16:36].
And we did not send any prophet but (To preach) in the language of his own people in order that he might explain to them in clear terms (The commandments of Allah)…[Qur’an 14:4]
And mankind was but a single community (in the beginning), then they began to differ among themselves…[Qur’an 10:19]
And surely We sent Nuh (Noah) to his people, and he said,”O, my people! Worship Allah, you have no god for yourselves besides Him” …..[Qur’an 23:23
The nation of Nuh (A.S) , about him said:
He is not but a mad man….[Qur’an 23:25]
Nuh (A.S) requested help from Allah and said:
He said, ” O Lord! Help me, for they have denied me.”…[Qur’an 23.26]
Allah informed Nuh (A.S) About the great flood and said:
Then we revealed to him, “Build and Ark before Our sight and by Our command”…[Qur’an 23:27]
And recall when his Lord said to him: “(O Abraham) Surrender!” He submitted: ” I surrender myself to the Lord and Cherisher of all the worlds.” And Ibrahim (Abraham) enjoined upon his sons and so did Yaqub (Jacob), saying: “O my sons! Verily Allah has chosen for you this religion, so die not except as Muslims.” [Qur’an 2:131-132]
And (Remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham was tested by his Lord with regard to His certain commands, which he fulfilled in all entirety. Allah said;”Verily, I am going to appoint you leader for all mankind”…[Qur’an 2:124]
Believers in Islam build a strong connection to the creator; therefore, they find inner peace that is not attainable through any other means. A believer perpetually acquires peace of heart through performing the activities of worship, continuously remembering Allah and refraining from committing sins.
A Believer acquires peace of mind when he is fully content and recognizes that he is doing everything in his ability to be successful in this world, leaving the rest to the will of Allah. When he receives something, he is thankful to the Lord; when at a loss, he recognizes that the Lord has the power to give, as well as to take away. A true believer who has strong faith is at peace within himself, because Islam commands him to use his faculties wisely and to execute actions with his full capabilities, leaving the outcome to the will of Allah. Upon the positive result of his actions, he is grateful to the Lord, and upon negative result, he is patient and accepts it to be the Lord’s will.
Peace of the soul is the most important kind of peace. It is a peace that is deep in the inner self, deep within the heart of hearts. In comparison to the peace of body, heart, and mind that is acquired through simpler means, peace of the soul, unquestionably more precious,cannot be acquired easily. Acquiring peace of the soul requires knowledge of the sacred and knowledge of who one is. What is the purpose of one’s life? What is one’s final destination? The Islamic answers to these questions bring true peace to the soul.
Money and other worldly possessions bring certain amount of peace to the heart and mind, but when one lies lonely in bed, gazing with a deep sigh at the ceiling or at the sky with millions of sparkling stars, one inquires into questions such as those noted above. The soul of man continues to search for answers, but the conclusion is usually incomplete and unsatisfactory.
Islam, on the other hand, guides humanity from the beginning of their journey, through this transitory life, and to the final destination in the Hereafter. It provides comprehensive answers for their curiosity to be at peace, by which they peacefully work towards ultimate success. Peace of heart and mind is essential for people to be active and full of life, but peace of the soul is certainly more precious because it brings ultimate satisfaction.
Islam, on the other had, guides humanity from the beginning of their journey, through this transitory life, and to the final destination in the Hereafter. It provides comprehensive answers for their curiosity to be at peace, by which they peacefully work towards ultimate success. Peace of the heart and mind is essential for people to be active and full of life, but peace of the soul is certainly more precious because it brings ultimate satisfaction.
A family unit is the most important part of human life. A family is the place where each member finds refuge,support, and inspiration to live and work. If family life is disturbed, its members feel unprotected,each other’s support diminishes, a deep emptiness sets in, and overall life gradually begins to disintegrate. Love, peace, and tranquility are the most important ingredients to having a happy and prosperous family life. Sometimes even wealth, success, and fame fail to bring joy, and the true taste of living together is not achieved. Even though some may not admit that life becomes miserable without a family, the fact is that life does become a miserable human failure without a family. This becomes obvious when loneliness begins to bring unbearable sufferings.
In Islam each member of a family is bound to each other to achieve the pleasure of the Lord and to perform his or her fair share of the duties prescribed by Islam. By fulfilling these great tasks, each member of the family unit maintains and enjoys peace, happiness, and prosperity. To bring peace in the family, Islam fully explains every duty and right of a husband to his wife and vice versa, of parents to their children and vice versa, and so on. Any violation of Islamic rules, regulations, and obligations by any member brings forth tragedy to the family, and every violator will be held accountable on Judgment day.
In a family unit, it is not a choice, but rather it is incumbent upon a husband to support and fulfill every justifiable and basic need of his wife. They both have to be loyal and faithful to each other and must safeguard their chastity to maintain each other’s right and trust. One of the main duties of parents is to provide their children with a solid Islamic education and to train them to become good, practicing Muslims. Similarly, children have equal, if not greater, duties to their parents, which, if neglected, earn the irreversible wrath of the Lord, unless forgiven by the parents. For example, even a simple smile from children on seeing their parents brings countless blessings from the Lord. When each member fulfills his or her duties the entire family is strengthened and solidified, and peace, happiness, and prosperity prevail in the family. When each family, the building blocks of a society, is peaceful, the entire society becomes full of peace.
In addition to peace in the family, through Islamic brotherhood, equality, justice, system of punishments, social welfare system, acts of direct and indirect worship, and the concept of accountability on judgement Day, a society achieves complete and everlasting peace. If Muslims do not implement Sufi Islamic principles in their society to establish the divine rule of law, Islam should not be blamed for crime, disturbance, chaos, lack of peace and prosperity, unhappiness & non-integration to Non-Muslim/Islamic societies.
The one who claims to be Muslim and fails to apply Islamic principles to his or her life or to the society at large is at fault, not Islam. It is a matter of fact that those societies that implement such Islamic principles in their system enjoy the fruits of it. Those who abuse and exploit Islam to achieve personal agendas are the actual losers, not Islam or the way of life it prescribes. History is witness that not too long ago, faithful Muslims enjoyed an era of peace and prosperity as they truthfully practiced Islam. Even to this day, wherever faithful Muslims practice Islam, they are enjoying the fruits of it.
By achieving peace in a Muslim family and society through Sufi Islamic principles, global peace can easily be achieved. Suffice it to say that Islam contains principles that, if fully and universally applied, result in national and international peace and prosperity. Having true knowledge of Islamic principles and having the sincerity of everyone, both Muslim and Non- Muslim, are some of the prerequisites for world peace.
After all, we are the creation of one single Lord, He is the One Who prescribed and extended to us all the system of life ( Islam) that is so perfectly fit for out nature and purpose. Why should we not benefit from it for the greater good of ourselves and simultaneously achieve worldwide peace?
Most often, the name of an object represents its qualities. Choosing a name is an important and creative process, and many times the success or failure of a product or a business entity depends on it. When naming, people try to choose a name that truly represents the object’s quality and/or its use. The more comprehensive the name of a product, service, system, ideology or what have you, the faster it is publicised. Sometimes, Individuals or companies seek the services of professionals when choosing names. The more expertise is utilized, the better chances for a befitting name.
Islam is the name given to the most complete way of life on Earth for human beings. No man chose this name; the Lord, the Almighty Allah chose it Himself. Now, since the Creator, the All-Knower, chose it Himself, it must mean a lot. It must completely explain Islam as the system of life and refer to its qualities, and the name must be befitting of what it actually claims to be. If we can comprehend the befitting of what it actually claims to be. If we can comprehend the various meanings of the word Islam, we can easily understand the various meanings of the word Islam, we can easily understand the meaning and purpose of the Islamic system, ideology, definition of worship, inner philosophy, and the complete way of life it represents.
Only then can we recognize that only the Lord Himself could reveal such a befitting name.
It is pronounced, ‘Islam’ not ‘Izlam’. The ‘s’ in Islam does not sound like the ‘s’ in ‘is’ but as in ‘school’ and ‘bus’. In Arabic the root word for Islam is ‘Salam’ which means ‘peace’ for one to have a complete idea, it is interesting to note the various meaning of the root word ‘salam; when used differently, prior to explaining the meaning of the word Islam.
Generally, ‘Salam’ is defined as peace, and its derivatives can mean the following: to escape (Danger); to be safe, secure; to be sound, intact, unimpaired, or unharmed; to be free (from fault), faultless, or flawless, to hand over’ to turn over; to turn in ; to submit; to save, rescue, or deliver; to protect, preserve, safeguard, or keep (from harm, injury); to accept or approve of ; to give consent or area; and to acknowledge, allow, or concede. If we select any one of the numerous meanings of ‘Salam’ and relate it to what is inherent in Islam, we see direct parallels. Islam is concurrent with its innermost meaning : peace. Since ‘salam’ means peace, someone can ask if Islam, as a religion, really brings peace. We will consider this question in the following section,
Islam is also defined as peace, treaty, truce, concord, protection, quarter, safety, security, immunity, mercy, and grace. It also means obedience, reverence, worship, homage, and much more. In a religious context, Islam technically means to establish the deen (Faith) exclusively for Allah i.e., to resign to the will of Allah complete submission from the deepest part of one’s heart, and paying homage to Allah.
Moreover, Islam is the way of life prescribed by Allah beginning with the teachings of the first man and prophet, Adam and concluding with the teachings of Allah’s final and most beloved prophet, Muhammad of Arabia, the son of Abdullah.
Most frequently, people refer to Islam as peace and nothing but peace. Some people do not fully understand the association of ‘Islam’ with ‘peace’. They ask if Islam is the peace that is the antonym of ‘war’ or if it refers to other types of peace.
Upon embracing Islam, an individual enters into state of total protection. Islam is like a divine umbrella. When held onto tightly, it provides a shade of mercy and brings forth every kind of peace: peace of the heart, mind, soul and body; peace in the family, society, and world; peace from all harm; and peace in the Hereafter. Every kind of peace is attainable under the umbrella of Islam. I am not implying that one cannot find many of these kinds of peace elsewhere; however, I am saying that one cannot find all of the necessary types of peace under one roof, unless that roof is Islam.
What I have discussed so far certainly reflects that Islam, through its various definitions, is the befitting name of the complete way of life, of which no man could have conceived. Further explanations in this series will prove this point and make the matter clearer.
It is first necessary to define human nature and proceed to establish it relationship to Islam. Human nature is the collection of inherent qualities and habits that are common to all people (i.e., the innate qualities and habits humans possess is their nature). for example, we work, eat, drink, sleep, have other physical and intimate needs and desires, have emotions, socialize, fight, and seek power, authority and fame, etc. All of these are but a few examples of human nature.
Human begins are comprised of a spirit and physical structure, i.e., the soul and body. Therefore, we have both spiritual and physical needs. We are not angles or beasts. According to Islam, it is a great mistake to consider humans mere ‘brutes; and to exclude the spiritual aspect of our being. Similarly, it would be a mistake to consider ourselves like or greater than angels and completely disregard to biological and animalistic aspects of our being. We are not merely robots like angles, and we certainly are much better than animals. Neither did we evolve from animals, nor we are subtle as angles.
We have freedom to choose and power to know good and bad, right and wrong, and impiety and piety. Angels and animals do not have the freedom of choice, nor do they have anything to choose. For example, if a lion desires to have vegetarian dish, its wish cannot come true. Similarly, if a deer craves for steak, its wish cannot come true either. In fact, lion and deer cannot even wish for vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes.
In the same manner, Allah did not grant angels the freedom of choice, They are merely robot-like and do as they are programmed. Consequently, they are not rewarded or punished for their behaviour. In contrast, Allah granted humans the freedom of choice, and they have a lot from which to choose, so they can use this privilege. For Example, they can choose to eat whatever they wish, vegetarian or non-vegetarian, healthy or unhealthy, expensive or inexpensive. In the end, only they will bear the consequences for what they choose.
For any system, ideology, or religion to be fit for human nature, it must comprehensively consider every inherent quality and habit of humans and must provide proper guidance to assist people in reaching their goal of life. If it repels or completely suppresses any inherent quality and habit, and/or if it leaves any one of them out or provides no guidance, then that system, ideology, or religion is not fit for humans is incomplete and deficient.
It is unlikely that a follower of one religion will seek part of another religion to fill to a void in his own. If this occurs, then how can one know to which religion this follower really belongs? Where does his loyalty lie? Which religion or system does he call his own? Meanwhile, he is forced to follow parts of other religion(s) because his own religion lacks a necessary aspect. Naturally, humans embrace and follow what is or seems to be most complete, beneficial, and convenient. Thus, in the presence of an absolute system of life, and incomplete system is doomed to fail.
Islam does not repel, completely suppress, or ignore any part of human nature; instead it teaches its followers how to control and shape their nature appropriately. Wherever there is slight chance of misusing natural qualities and habits by humans, Islam steps in and changes the course of human nature towards the legitimate purpose. The principles and teachings of Islam do not collide with human nature. They remain side by side with humans, gradually changing humans’ course of actions so that they can easily adapt and learn to walk confidently on the righteous path. Islam accompanies its followers until they acquire the ultimate success of the Hereafter.
A religion or any secular system of life that attempts to stop any natural behaviour of man meets with devastating blows and eventually finds itself without any following. For example , to completely stop the natural flow of a river and save a city from flood waters is nearly impossible, but, even if achieved temporarily, it may create bigger problems later on. Instead, changing its course, though it requires had work, eventually solves the problem. If the course of floodwaters is diverted from a city to dry land, it will bring many benefits. The city will be saved from flooding, and the water will simultaneously irrigate dry land, making it arable.
If we seal the cap of a kettle on a burning stove, with the built-up pressure the kettle is bound to burst. Similarly, if an ideology/religion suppresses, ignores, or sacrifices the natural desires and needs of people, even in the name of any greater good, then people cannot function Properly, and the outcome will be devastating. As noted earlier, human beings are not like angels, and thus no action should be taken to turn them into angels. Let them be human, and prescribe a system that keeps them ‘human’ and simultaneously keeps them from falling to the level of animals or even worse. This is exactly what Islam does.
Islam is not against people’s natural urge to acquire wealth, but it demands that they earn it through the legitimate means that it establishes and regulates. Islam is not against spending money, but it encourages its followers to spend it for righteous purposes such as, for example, helping the needy. According to Islam, using your wealth and resources for the betterment of the less fortunate or to solve the problems of your community will not reduce your wealth; instead, Allah, Who gave you the wealth in the first place, certainly has the ability to replenish and increase it. Islam does not forcefully take peoples’ wealth against their will, even for the greater good of others. It promises great rewards to people who willingly and with intent to please Allah spend their money for humanitarian purposes.
Islam is not against eating delicious foods, but it teaches that a half-empty stomach is healthier that a stomach stuffed with food. Staying relatively hungry allows one to be thankful to the Lord for his bounties and to be mindful of those starving around the world. Islam is not against wearing lavish clothes, but it rewards simplicity; being simple urges the inner sole and conscience to be less attracted to this material world and more attracted to our higher purpose.
Islam says eat whatever you like, but make sure it is halal (Permissible to eat), and drink as much as you like, but refrain from haram (forbidden) drinks. Sleep as much as necessary, but perform you daily prayers before and after you sleep. Stay up as much as you need to, but be mindful of your health.
Love you family and friends to the full extent, but do not forget your Lord and your obligations to Him. Worship your Lord as much as you want to, in order to get closer to Him, but not at the expense of your family, which needs your time and attention. Overall, keep everything in balance, be moderate, and do not become extremists of any sort.
Use time and energy wisely in helping others, and take as much burden as you can bear; correcting the world is not your problem, but it is your continuous duty to correct yourself first. Be flexible and easy on yourself and on others. Teach, but do not impose.
Islam requires its followers to do only what is humanly possible and provides guidance for every situation and according to everyone’s capacity. In essence, it is the way of life in strict accordance with human nature. Therefore, on Judgement Day, Allah will question and hold everyone accountable according to his her capability, knowledge, and performance, in order that justice prevails. The Islamic system of life intends for people to uphold their human status, become devout followers, avoid falling below the status of animals, and Surpass angelic qualities. To ensure the fulfillment of this goal. Islam lays down principles that are fit for human nature and easy to follow.
When We compare our our physical existence with other incredible creations only to find that we are nothing but a tine particle in the universe, we begin to ask countless questions. Who are we? From where did we come? To where are we headed? What is the purpose of all the things out there? If there is life after death, how is it? If there are Heaven and Hell, what do they look like, and where are they? How are we to believe in the existence of God, Lord, Creator or Allah? What does He look like? Why can we not see Him? Who are the chosen prophets? Which prophets were real, and how can we believe in them? Is there are book or a set of rules revealed by the Lord, or are all such books merely a creation of the human mind? Who is right, and who is wrong? How can we achieve peace, happiness, prosperity, and so forth? What is good or bad, who decides that, and how can we be sure of it? How is it possible that when we die and turn to dust we become alive again? Is there a spiritual wold? Are the body and soul two different things? Everyone asks such questions; some ponder deeply for answers ,and others just scratch the surface.
If these and many other questions are not answered to our satisfaction, of if we fail to comprehend the answers or simply abandon the inner voice of curiosity, true satisfaction and peace of heart, mind, and soul cannot be attained. Even if we attain material success at some point in our life, we are not completely satisfied. We continue to feel an emptiness, and thoughts of failure overshadow our conscience. In this vast universe, we tend to lose purpose, sense of placement, and the taste for life until we find answers to these and many other questions that linger in our curious minds.
If an ideology or religion does not provide complete, satisfactory, and rational answers, or if the answers provided are no longer relevant, then, in my view that ideology/religion is incomplete. Since Islam claims that it is the complete way of life, then it must provide answers to all questions one can raise. After reading this series of blog postings, I am confident that the reader will come to believe that Islam has answers to all questions and that nothing remains unanswered.
Allah created and revealed to us the system that explains how we should live and prepare to acquire the ultimate success. Besides Him, no one else could have developed this required system, because He is our Lord and knows best our needs and desires, abilities and short comings, psychology, and so on. Allah is our true Lord and does not want us to go astray; therefore, He has beforehand included answers to every possible question and completed the deen (Faith) of Islam. Thus, there is no mystery in Islam.
However, to obtain answers for complicated questions, the following are some prerequisites: sincere desire, thirst for true knowledge, and a heartfelt wish to search for the truth. Also, bear in mind that this world is Allah’s creation and governed by His principles and that we are merely His creation and do not posses unlimited knowledge and power. Even though Allah has revealed the complete message, we may not instantly comprehend it and may require deeper knowledge and wisdom. The more knowledgeable we become, the more we understand the word and commandments of Allah. I firmly believe that if we continuously strive for answers, we will get them eventually.